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尤炜(北京大学)| 再论城市增长下的阴影

日期:2022-04-25       点击数:        来源:
主讲人 尤炜 时间 2022-4-27 11:00
地点 zoom线上
【题目】Urban Growth Shadows Revisited: County-Level Evidence from China and the U.S.

Wei You is an Assistant Professor at the  Institute of New Structural Economics, Peking University. He obtained  his Ph.D. in Economics from the University of California, San Diego in  2017 and was a Research Fellow at  Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy at New York University  in 2017 – 2020. His research interests include urban economics,  development economics, international trade and economic history. His  research has been published in American Economic Journal:  Applied Economics, Journal of Housing Economics, and Remote Sensing

【摘要】Does a location’s growth benefit or suffer  from geographical proximity to big cities? Using 1990-2020 county-level  data from China, we find that being close to big cities had a negative  effect on population growth during the period  of 2000-2020 at a distance of 100-200km to the big cities. There is  also substantial heterogeneity in the growth shadow effect: while the  Beijing-Tianjin agglomeration had a negative effect on population growth  of surrounding cities and counties, Shanghai  and Guangzhou-Shenzhen agglomerations had a positive effect. Using  1840-2000 county-level data from the U.S., we confirm the finding of  Cuberes, Desmet, and Rappaport (2021 JUE) that proximity to large urban  centers was negatively associated with growth between  1840 and 1920, and positively associated with growth after 1920.  Different from Cuberes, Desmet, and Rappaport (2021), who interpret the  results as being driven by the secular decline in inter-city and  intra-city commuting costs, we interpret the results in  both China and the U.S. as being driven by structural transformation  out of agriculture.


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